Maders Understanding Human Anatomy and Physiology 7th Edition

1 Student: ___________________________________________________________________________ 1. Which term refers to the stu...

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1 Student: ___________________________________________________________________________

1.

Which term refers to the study of how an organ functions? A. Anatomy B. Physiology C. Ecology D. Homeostasis

2.

Observing the parts of the brain would be part of the study of A. homeostasis. B. physiology. C. anthropology. D. anatomy.

3.

A group of similar cells performing a specialized function is referred to as a(n) A. tissue. B. organ. C. molecule. D. system.

4.

An organism consists of A. molecules. B. cells. C. organs. D. molecules, cells, and organs.

5.

Cells are to tissues as tissues are to A. systems. B. molecules. C. organs. D. organelles.

6.

Arrange the following terms from the smallest to the largest: 1) cell, 2) organelle, 3) atom, 4) organ, 5) tissue. A. 3,2,1,5,4 B. 1,2,3,4,5 C. 5,4,3,2,1 D. 3,1,5,4,2

7.

Which of the following is NOT considered anatomical position? A. Standing erect B. Palms facing backward C. Face forward D. Toes pointing forward

8.

Which of the following pairs are opposing terms? A. Superior/posterior B. Superior/inferior C. Anterior/inferior D. Superior/anterior

9.

Which term refers to the back? A. Inferior B. Lateral C. Posterior D. Peripheral

10. The heart is _____ to the lungs. A. dorsal B. superior C. lateral D. medial 11. Which of the following pairs is correctly matched? A. Ventral - toward the front B. Ipsilateral - on opposite sides C. Deep - toward the surface D. Proximal - further from the point of attachment 12. Which of the following is INCORRECT in describing the nose? A. It is superior to the mouth B. It is medial to the eyes C. It is on the dorsal aspect of the face D. It is inferior to the forehead 13. The hand is ___________ to the elbow. A. superior B. anterior C. proximal D. distal 14. The right hand and left foot are ______________ to each other. A. ipsilateral B. posterior C. contralateral D. superficial 15. The spinal cord is __________ to the esophagus. A. anterior B. posterior C. ventral D. inferior 16. Appendicular refers to the A. skull. B. thorax. C. legs and arms. D. skull and thorax. 17. The head is which region? A. Cephalic B. Lumbar C. Brachial D. Pectoral 18. The arm is which region? A. Cephalic B. Lumbar C. Brachial D. Pectoral

19. The lower back is which region? A. Cephalic B. Lumbar C. Brachial D. Pectoral 20. The foot is which region? A. Pedal B. Lumbar C. Brachial D. Pectoral 21. The chest is which region? A. Cephalic B. Lumbar C. Brachial D. Pectoral 22. The cheek is which region? A. Occipital B. Buccal C. Oral D. Mental 23. The thigh is which region? A. Femoral B. Crural C. Plantar D. Palmar 24. The front of the elbow is which region? A. Cubital B. Antecubital C. Brachial D. Antebrachial 25. The armpit is which region? A. Acromial B. Pectoral C. Mammary D. Axillary 26. Which of the following pairs of body regions is INCORRECT? A. Carpal - wrist B. Popliteal - back of knee C. Gluteal - buttocks D. Orbital - ear 27. If a person has a rash in the cervical region, where is it located? A. Neck B. Lower back C. Arm D. Chest 28. If a person has a sore in the oral cavity, where is it located? A. Head B. Lower back C. Mouth D. Head

29. Which type of A. Sagittal B. Transverse C. Frontal D. Coronal 30. Which type of A. Median B. Transverse C. Sagittal D. Frontal or coronal 31. If the heart is cut to give the atria and the ventricles, it was cut on a A. transverse plane. B. midsagittal plane. C. frontal plane. D. longitudinal section. 32. Viscera refers to A. internal organs. B. tissues. C. cells. D. atoms. 33. Which of the following refers to the membrane lining the abdominal cavity wall? A. Parietal pericardium B. Visceral peritoneum C. Parietal peritoneum D. Visceral pleura 34. Which refers to a membrane attached to the surface of a lung? A. Visceral pleura B. Parietal pleura C. Visceral peritoneum D. Parietal peritoneum 35. Which two cavities does the diaphragm separate? A. Abdominal and pelvic B. Dorsal and ventral C. Thoracic and abdominal D. Cranial and spinal 36. The thoracic cavity is part of which larger cavity? A. Ventral cavity B. Dorsal cavity C. Abdominopelvic cavity 37. In which cavity would you find the brain? A. Ventral cavity B. Dorsal cavity C. Abdominopelvic cavity D. Oral cavity 38. In which cavity would you find the stomach? A. Pleural cavity B. Dorsal cavity C. Abdominopelvic cavity D. Mediastinum

39. If a person was diagnosed as having a tumor in the dorsal cavity, where might you expect to find it? A. Abdominal or pelvic cavities B. Superior or inferior cavities C. Thoracic or abdominal cavities D. Cranial or spinal cavities 40. The lungs would be found in which cavity? A. Spinal cavity B. Abdominal cavity C. Mediastinum D. Pleural cavity 41. The liver would be found in which cavity? A. Dorsal cavity B. Abdominal cavity C. Pericardial cavity D. Pleural cavity 42. Most of the stomach would be found in the _______ quadrant of the abdominal cavity. A. upper left B. upper right C. lower left D. lower right 43. Billy had surgery to remove his appendix. In which abdominal quadrant would the incision be made? A. Upper left B. Upper right C. Lower left D. Lower right 44. Most of the liver is found in which abdominopelvic region? A. Left iliac B. Right lumbar C. Umbilical D. Right hypochondriac 45. The majority of the small intestine is found in which abdominopelvic region? A. Epigastric B. Right hypochondriac C. Umbilical D. Left iliac 46. The urinary bladder is found in which abdominopelvic region? A. Hypogastric B. Left lumbar C. Right iliac D. Umbilical 47. Integration and coordination are part of the body's A. nervous system. B. skin. C. skeleton. D. cardiovascular system. 48. Skin is part of A. integration and coordination. B. maintenance of the body. C. transportation. D. support, movement, and protection.

49. Which part of the body plays a major part in support, movement, and protection? A. Nervous system B. Endocrine system C. Skeleton D. Cardiovascular system 50. Transportation within the body is mainly part of A. the nervous system. B. the skin. C. the skeleton. D. the cardiovascular system. 51. Which system are the blood vessels part of? A. Endocrine B. Cardiovascular C. Reproductive D. Nervous 52. Which system are the hormones part of? A. Endocrine B. Cardiovascular C. Reproductive D. Nervous 53. Which system are the testes part of? A. Urinary B. Cardiovascular C. Reproductive D. Nervous 54. Which system is the spinal cord part of? A. Endocrine B. Lymphatic C. Skeletal D. Nervous 55. Homeostasis refers to A. changing external conditions. B. stable external conditions. C. changing internal conditions. D. stable internal conditions. 56. Which of the following provides the best example of a negative feedback control mechanism? A. Increased body temperature due to exercise B. Increased uterine contractions in labor C. Putting on a sweater because you are cold D. Shivering in order to generate heat due to a drop in body temperature 57. Which of the following occurs as a result of positive feedback and assists in the maintenance of homeostasis? A. Body temperature regulation B. Blood pH regulation C. Blood clot formation D. Blood cell production

58. Which of the following is NOT a component of a homeostatic mechanism? A. A nerve pathway B. A control center C. A sensor D. An effector 59. What occurs as a result of a negative feedback mechanism? A. The change moves further from the set point in a negative direction. B. No change occurs in the body. C. There is a reversal from the original change. D. A body function is stopped. 60. The two organ systems involved in controlling all other systems to maintain homeostasis are the A. skeletal and muscular. B. nervous and endocrine. C. urinary and respiratory. D. endocrine and digestive. 61. The two organ systems involved in providing oxygen to cells and removing carbon dioxide from cells are the A. cardiovascular and respiratory. B. respiratory and digestive. C. integumentary and muscular. D. reproductive and nervous. 62. Which two body systems are involved in transportation and protection of the body from disease? A. integumentary and urinary systems B. lymphatic and cardiovascular systems C. muscular and lymphatic systems D. respiratory and sensory systems 63. Which body system removes metabolic wastes and helps maintain acid-base balance? A. urinary system B. digestive system C. respiratory system D. endocrine system 64. The inflammation of the membranes of the posterior (dorsal) cavity is called A. serositis. B. pleurisy. C. meningitis. D. pericarditis. 65. Sally is rushed to the hospital with acute appendicitis. Which serous membrane is in danger of infection? A. B. C. D.

Peritoneum Pleura Meninges Pericardium

66. A disease that occurs suddenly and does not last a long time is considered A. chronic. B. local. C. systemic. D. acute.

67. An ear infection is considered a/an ______ disease. A. orbital B. local C. systemic D. pandemic 68. What type of energy is used to create a PET scan? A. Gamma rays B. Electrons C. Protons D. Electrical 69. What type of medical scan is more useful in visualizing soft tissue? A. X-ray B. CT scan C. MRI D. PET 70. What is used in a sonogram to create an image? A. Sound waves B. Electrons C. Gamma rays D. X-rays 71. The gallbladder and spleen are contralateral to each other. True False 72. The foot is proximal to the knee. True False 73. The function of serous fluid is to reduce friction between tissues. True False 74. The posterior (dorsal) body cavity is lined with the synovial membrane. True False 75. In negative feedback, the body's response is in the opposite direction from the change in order to return the body to normal. True False 76. All body systems work independently to provide homeostasis. True False 77. Soft tissue such as muscles shows up as light areas on X-rays. True False 78. Differentiate between local, systemic, acute, and chronic disease.

79. List the levels of organization of the human body in order from least complex to most complex and provide a brief description of each level.

80. Distinguish between anatomy and physiology, and then explain how they are related.

81. Explain why the heating of your home is an example of a negative feedback mechanism.

82. List the organ systems that allow for body movement and describe the role each system plays in the production of movement.

83. Contrast positive and negative feedback mechanisms with regard to their general outcomes.

1 Key 1.

Which term refers to the study of how an organ functions? A. Anatomy B. Physiology C. Ecology D. Homeostasis Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #1 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #1 Section: 01.01 Topic: General

2.

Observing the parts of the brain would be part of the study of A. homeostasis. B. physiology. C. anthropology. D. anatomy. Blooms Level: Understand Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #2 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. Section: 01.01 Topic: General

3.

A group of similar cells performing a specialized function is referred to as a(n) A. tissue. B. organ. C. molecule. D. system. Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #3 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #2 Section: 01.01 Topic: General

4.

An organism consists of A. molecules. B. cells. C. organs. D. molecules, cells, and organs. Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #4 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #3 Section: 01.01 Topic: General

5.

Cells are to tissues as tissues are to A. systems. B. molecules. C. organs. D. organelles. Blooms Level: Understand Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #5 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #4 Section: 01.01 Topic: General

6.

Arrange the following terms from the smallest to the largest: 1) cell, 2) organelle, 3) atom, 4) organ, 5) tissue. A. 3,2,1,5,4 B. 1,2,3,4,5 C. 5,4,3,2,1 D. 3,1,5,4,2 Blooms Level: Understand Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #6 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #5 Section: 01.01 Topic: General

7.

Which of the following is NOT considered anatomical position? A. Standing erect B. Palms facing backward C. Face forward D. Toes pointing forward Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #7 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #6 Section: 01.02 Topic: Body Orientation

8.

Which of the following pairs are opposing terms? A. Superior/posterior B. Superior/inferior C. Anterior/inferior D. Superior/anterior Blooms Level: Understand Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #8 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #7 Section: 01.02 Topic: Body Orientation

9.

Which term refers to the back? A. Inferior B. Lateral C. Posterior D. Peripheral Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #9 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #8 Section: 01.02 Topic: Body Orientation

10.

The heart is _____ to the lungs. A. dorsal B. superior C. lateral D. medial Blooms Level: Understand Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #10 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #9 Section: 01.02 Topic: Body Orientation

11.

Which of the following pairs is correctly matched? A. Ventral - toward the front B. Ipsilateral - on opposite sides C. Deep - toward the surface D. Proximal - further from the point of attachment Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #11 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #10 Section: 01.02 Topic: Body Orientation

12.

Which of the following is INCORRECT in describing the nose? A. It is superior to the mouth B. It is medial to the eyes C. It is on the dorsal aspect of the face D. It is inferior to the forehead Blooms Level: Understand Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #12 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #11 Section: 01.02 Topic: Body Orientation

13.

The hand is ___________ to the elbow. A. superior B. anterior C. proximal D. distal Blooms Level: Understand Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #13 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. Section: 01.02 Topic: Body Orientation

14.

The right hand and left foot are ______________ to each other. A. ipsilateral B. posterior C. contralateral D. superficial Blooms Level: Understand Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #14 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. Section: 01.02 Topic: Body Orientation

15.

The spinal cord is __________ to the esophagus. A. anterior B. posterior C. ventral D. inferior Blooms Level: Understand Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #15 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. Section: 01.02 Topic: Body Orientation

16.

Appendicular refers to the A. skull. B. thorax. C. legs and arms. D. skull and thorax. Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #16 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #12 Section: 01.02 Topic: Body Orientation

17.

The head is which region? A. Cephalic B. Lumbar C. Brachial D. Pectoral Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #17 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #13 Section: 01.02 Topic: Body Orientation

18.

The arm is which region? A. Cephalic B. Lumbar C. Brachial D. Pectoral Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #18 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #14 Section: 01.02 Topic: Body Orientation

19.

The lower back is which region? A. Cephalic B. Lumbar C. Brachial D. Pectoral Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #19 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #15 Section: 01.02 Topic: Body Orientation

20.

The foot is which region? A. Pedal B. Lumbar C. Brachial D. Pectoral Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #20 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #16 Section: 01.02 Topic: Body Orientation

21.

The chest is which region? A. Cephalic B. Lumbar C. Brachial D. Pectoral Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #21 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #17 Section: 01.02 Topic: Body Orientation

22.

The cheek is which region? A. Occipital B. Buccal C. Oral D. Mental Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #22 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #18 Section: 01.02 Topic: Body Orientation

23.

The thigh is which region? A. Femoral B. Crural C. Plantar D. Palmar Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #23 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #19 Section: 01.02 Topic: Body Orientation

24.

The front of the elbow is which region? A. Cubital B. Antecubital C. Brachial D. Antebrachial Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #24 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #20 Section: 01.02 Topic: Body Orientation

25.

The armpit is which region? A. Acromial B. Pectoral C. Mammary D. Axillary Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #25 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #21 Section: 01.02 Topic: Body Orientation

26.

Which of the following pairs of body regions is INCORRECT? A. Carpal - wrist B. Popliteal - back of knee C. Gluteal - buttocks D. Orbital - ear Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #26 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #22 Section: 01.02 Topic: Body Orientation

27.

If a person has a rash in the cervical region, where is it located? A. Neck B. Lower back C. Arm D. Chest Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #27 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #23 Section: 01.02 Topic: Body Orientation

28.

If a person has a sore in the oral cavity, where is it located? A. Head B. Lower back C. Mouth D. Head Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #28 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #24 Section: 01.02 Topic: Body Orientation

29.

Which type of A. Sagittal B. Transverse C. Frontal D. Coronal Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #29 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #25 Section: 01.02 Topic: Body Orientation

30.

Which type of A. Median B. Transverse C. Sagittal D. Frontal or coronal Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #30 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #26 Section: 01.02 Topic: Body Orientation

31.

If the heart is cut to give the atria and the ventricles, it was cut on a A. transverse plane. B. midsagittal plane. C. frontal plane. D. longitudinal section. Blooms Level: Understand Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #31 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. Section: 01.02 Topic: Body Orientation

32.

Viscera refers to A. internal organs. B. tissues. C. cells. D. atoms. Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #32 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #27 Section: 01.03 Topic: Body Orientation

33.

Which of the following refers to the membrane lining the abdominal cavity wall? A. Parietal pericardium B. Visceral peritoneum C. Parietal peritoneum D. Visceral pleura Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #33 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #28 Section: 01.03 Topic: Body Orientation

34.

Which refers to a membrane attached to the surface of a lung? A. Visceral pleura B. Parietal pleura C. Visceral peritoneum D. Parietal peritoneum Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #34 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #29 Section: 01.03 Topic: Body Orientation

35.

Which two cavities does the diaphragm separate? A. Abdominal and pelvic B. Dorsal and ventral C. Thoracic and abdominal D. Cranial and spinal Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #35 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #30 Section: 01.03 Topic: Body Orientation

36.

The thoracic cavity is part of which larger cavity? A. Ventral cavity B. Dorsal cavity C. Abdominopelvic cavity Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #36 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #31 Section: 01.03 Topic: Body Orientation

37.

In which cavity would you find the brain? A. Ventral cavity B. Dorsal cavity C. Abdominopelvic cavity D. Oral cavity Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #37 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #32 Section: 01.03 Topic: Body Orientation

38.

In which cavity would you find the stomach? A. Pleural cavity B. Dorsal cavity C. Abdominopelvic cavity D. Mediastinum Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #38 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #33 Section: 01.03 Topic: Body Orientation

39.

If a person was diagnosed as having a tumor in the dorsal cavity, where might you expect to find it? A. B. C. D.

Abdominal or pelvic cavities Superior or inferior cavities Thoracic or abdominal cavities Cranial or spinal cavities Blooms Level: Understand Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #39 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #34 Section: 01.03 Topic: Body Orientation

40.

The lungs would be found in which cavity? A. Spinal cavity B. Abdominal cavity C. Mediastinum D. Pleural cavity Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #40 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #35 Section: 01.03 Topic: Body Orientation

41.

The liver would be found in which cavity? A. Dorsal cavity B. Abdominal cavity C. Pericardial cavity D. Pleural cavity Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #41 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #36 Section: 01.03 Topic: Body Orientation

42.

Most of the stomach would be found in the _______ quadrant of the abdominal cavity. A. upper left B. upper right C. lower left D. lower right Blooms Level: Understand Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #42 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #37 Section: 01.03 Topic: Body Orientation

43.

Billy had surgery to remove his appendix. In which abdominal quadrant would the incision be made? A. B. C. D.

Upper left Upper right Lower left Lower right Blooms Level: Understand Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #43 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #38 Section: 01.03 Topic: Body Orientation

44.

Most of the liver is found in which abdominopelvic region? A. Left iliac B. Right lumbar C. Umbilical D. Right hypochondriac Blooms Level: Understand Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #44 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #39 Section: 01.03 Topic: Body Orientation

45.

The majority of the small intestine is found in which abdominopelvic region? A. Epigastric B. Right hypochondriac C. Umbilical D. Left iliac Blooms Level: Understand Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #45 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #40 Section: 01.03 Topic: Body Orientation

46.

The urinary bladder is found in which abdominopelvic region? A. Hypogastric B. Left lumbar C. Right iliac D. Umbilical Blooms Level: Understand Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #46 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #41 Section: 01.03 Topic: Body Orientation

47.

Integration and coordination are part of the body's A. nervous system. B. skin. C. skeleton. D. cardiovascular system. Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #47 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #42 Section: 01.04 Topic: General

48.

Skin is part of A. integration and coordination. B. maintenance of the body. C. transportation. D. support, movement, and protection. Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #48 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #43 Section: 01.04 Topic: General

49.

Which part of the body plays a major part in support, movement, and protection? A. Nervous system B. Endocrine system C. Skeleton D. Cardiovascular system Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #49 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #44 Section: 01.04 Topic: General

50.

Transportation within the body is mainly part of A. the nervous system. B. the skin. C. the skeleton. D. the cardiovascular system. Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #50 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #45 Section: 01.04 Topic: General

51.

Which system are the blood vessels part of? A. Endocrine B. Cardiovascular C. Reproductive D. Nervous Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #51 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #46 Section: 01.04 Topic: General

52.

Which system are the hormones part of? A. Endocrine B. Cardiovascular C. Reproductive D. Nervous Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #52 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #47 Section: 01.04 Topic: General

53.

Which system are the testes part of? A. Urinary B. Cardiovascular C. Reproductive D. Nervous Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #53 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #48 Section: 01.04 Topic: General

54.

Which system is the spinal cord part of? A. Endocrine B. Lymphatic C. Skeletal D. Nervous Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #54 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #49 Section: 01.04 Topic: General

55.

Homeostasis refers to A. changing external conditions. B. stable external conditions. C. changing internal conditions. D. stable internal conditions. Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #55 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #50 Section: 01.05 Topic: General

56.

Which of the following provides the best example of a negative feedback control mechanism? A. Increased body temperature due to exercise B. Increased uterine contractions in labor C. Putting on a sweater because you are cold D. Shivering in order to generate heat due to a drop in body temperature Blooms Level: Understand Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #56 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #51 Section: 01.05 Topic: General

57.

Which of the following occurs as a result of positive feedback and assists in the maintenance of homeostasis? A. Body temperature regulation B. Blood pH regulation C. Blood clot formation D. Blood cell production Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #57 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #52 Section: 01.05 Topic: General

58.

Which of the following is NOT a component of a homeostatic mechanism? A. A nerve pathway B. A control center C. A sensor D. An effector Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #58 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #53 Section: 01.05 Topic: General

59.

What occurs as a result of a negative feedback mechanism? A. The change moves further from the set point in a negative direction. B. No change occurs in the body. C. There is a reversal from the original change. D. A body function is stopped. Blooms Level: Understand Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #59 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. Section: 01.05 Topic: General

60.

The two organ systems involved in controlling all other systems to maintain homeostasis are the A. skeletal and muscular. B. nervous and endocrine. C. urinary and respiratory. D. endocrine and digestive. Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #60 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #54 Section: 01.05 Topic: General

61.

The two organ systems involved in providing oxygen to cells and removing carbon dioxide from cells are the A. cardiovascular and respiratory. B. respiratory and digestive. C. integumentary and muscular. D. reproductive and nervous. Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #61 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #55 Section: 01.05 Topic: General

62.

Which two body systems are involved in transportation and protection of the body from disease? A. integumentary and urinary systems B. lymphatic and cardiovascular systems C. muscular and lymphatic systems D. respiratory and sensory systems Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #62 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. Section: 01.05 Topic: General

63.

Which body system removes metabolic wastes and helps maintain acid-base balance? A. urinary system B. digestive system C. respiratory system D. endocrine system Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #63 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. Section: 01.05 Topic: General

64.

The inflammation of the membranes of the posterior (dorsal) cavity is called A. serositis. B. pleurisy. C. meningitis. D. pericarditis. Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #64 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #56 Section: 01.03 Topic: Body Orientation

65.

Sally is rushed to the hospital with acute appendicitis. Which serous membrane is in danger of infection? A. Peritoneum B. Pleura C. Meninges D. Pericardium Blooms Level: Understand Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #65 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #57 Section: 01.03 Topic: General

66.

A disease that occurs suddenly and does not last a long time is considered A. chronic. B. local. C. systemic. D. acute. Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #66 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #58 Section: 01.05 Topic: General

67.

An ear infection is considered a/an ______ disease. A. orbital B. local C. systemic D. pandemic Blooms Level: Understand Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #67 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #59 Section: 01.05 Topic: General

68.

What type of energy is used to create a PET scan? A. Gamma rays B. Electrons C. Protons D. Electrical Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #68 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #60 Section: 01.05 Topic: General

69.

What type of medical scan is more useful in visualizing soft tissue? A. X-ray B. CT scan C. MRI D. PET Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #69 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #61 Section: 01.05 Topic: General

70.

What is used in a sonogram to create an image? A. Sound waves B. Electrons C. Gamma rays D. X-rays Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #70 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #62 Section: 01.05 Topic: General

71.

The gallbladder and spleen are contralateral to each other. TRUE Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #71 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #63 Section: 01.02 Topic: Body Orientation

72.

The foot is proximal to the knee. FALSE Blooms Level: Understand Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #72 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #64 Section: 01.02 Topic: Body Orientation

73.

The function of serous fluid is to reduce friction between tissues. TRUE Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #73 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #65 Section: 01.03 Topic: General

74.

The posterior (dorsal) body cavity is lined with the synovial membrane. FALSE Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #74 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #66 Section: 01.03 Topic: Body Orientation

75.

In negative feedback, the body's response is in the opposite direction from the change in order to return the body to normal. TRUE Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #75 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #67 Section: 01.05 Topic: General

76.

All body systems work independently to provide homeostasis. FALSE Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #76 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #68 Section: 01.05 Topic: General

77.

Soft tissue such as muscles shows up as light areas on X-rays. FALSE Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #77 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #69 Section: 01.05 Topic: General

78.

Differentiate between local, systemic, acute, and chronic disease. A local disease affects a specific part of the body, a systemic disease affects the entire body or several organ systems, an acute disease occurs suddenly and generally lasts a short time, and a chronic disease develops slowly and is generally long-term. Blooms Level: Understand Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #78 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #70 Section: 01.05 Topic: General

79.

List the levels of organization of the human body in order from least complex to most complex and provide a brief description of each level. Atom = Microscopic subcomponent particle of all chemicals. Molecule = Formed when atoms join together. Macromolecule = Large molecule formed from smaller subunit molecules. Organelle = Membranous structure that performs a function in a cell. Cell = Basic unit of all living things. Tissue = Formed from similar types of cells. Organ = Composed of several types of tissues and performs a particular function in an organ system. Organ system = A collection of organs that work together to perform a broad function in an organism. Organism = A human being. Blooms Level: Understand Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #79 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #71 Section: 01.01 Topic: General

80.

Distinguish between anatomy and physiology, and then explain how they are related. Whereas anatomy is the study of the structure of body parts, physiology is the study of the functioning of body parts. Anatomy and physiology are closely related in that the structure of any body part suits its function. Blooms Level: Understand Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #80 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #72 Section: 01.01 Topic: General

81.

Explain why the heating of your home is an example of a negative feedback mechanism. In a home, when the temperature drops below the level set on the thermostat, the thermostat will signal the furnace to switch on. The furnace produces heat that is transported throughout the house and the temperature rises. This is an example of negative feedback because the response (production of heat) was the opposite or negative of the stimulus (low temperature). Blooms Level: Apply Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #81 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #73 Section: 01.05 Topic: General

82.

List the organ systems that allow for body movement and describe the role each system plays in the production of movement. The skeletal and muscular systems allow for body movement. The bones of the skeletal system serve as attachment sites for muscles and contraction of the muscles of the muscular system serves to move the bones. Blooms Level: Understand Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #82 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #74 Section: 01.04 Topic: General

83.

Contrast positive and negative feedback mechanisms with regard to their general outcomes. Whereas negative feedback is used to maintain a specific factor (e.g. body temperature) within an acceptable range, positive feedback is used to drive a process (e.g. childbirth) to completion. Blooms Level: Remember Longenbaker - Chapter 01 #83 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #75 Section: 01.05 Topic: General

1 Summary Category Blooms Level: Apply Blooms Level: Remember Blooms Level: Understand Longenbaker - Chapter 01 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #1 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #10 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #11 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #12 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #13 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #14 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #15 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #16 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #17 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #18 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #19 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #2 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #20 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #21 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #22 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #23 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #24 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #25 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #26 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #27 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #28 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #29 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #3 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #30 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #31 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #32 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #33 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #34 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #35 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #36 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #37 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #38 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #39 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #4 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #40 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #41 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #42 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #43 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #44 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #45 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #46 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #47 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #48 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #49 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #5 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #50 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #51 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #52

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Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #53

1

Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #54 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #55 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #56 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #57 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #58 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #59 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #6 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #60 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #61 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #62 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #63 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #64 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #65 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #66 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #67 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #68 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #69 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #7 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #70 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #71 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #72 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #73 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #74 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #75 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #8 Longenbaker: - 001 Chapter. #9 Section: 01.01 Section: 01.02 Section: 01.03 Section: 01.04 Section: 01.05 Topic: Body Orientation Topic: General

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